Japanese-born American Syukuro Manabe, German Klaus Hasselmann and Italian Giorgio Parisi on Tuesday won the Nobel Prize in physics for work that helps understand complex physical systems, such as Earth’s changing climate.
Manabe and Hasselmann were awarded jointly for the physical modeling of the climate, "quantifying variability and reliably predicting global warming."
Parisi was awarded the other half of the prize "for the discovery of the interplay of disorder and fluctuations in physical systems from atomic to planetary scales."
The overarching theme that linked the joint prize was to do with disorder and fluctuation, and how together they help scientists predict events, Thors Hans Hansson, chair of the Nobel Committee for Physics, said.
"We can predict what is happening with the climate in the future if we know how to encode the chaotic weather," he said.